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    Havdala on Yom Tov

       In the end of Parshas Shmini, Perek Yud, Posuk Yud, the posuk
    teaches us that Hashem said we should differentiate between the holy
    and mundane. The Remah quotes the Rashba discussing the above posuk.
    He tells us we learn that there is a mitzvah to make havdala on Motzei
    Shabbos and Motzei Yom Tov from this posuk.

         The Rambam in Perek Chof Tes in Hilchos Shabbos, halacha alef
    says that there is a mitzvah min HaTorah to be mekadesh the Shabbos
    with words on a cup of wine as Shabbos begins and as Shabbos leaves.
    This is based on the posuk, “Zachor es Yom Hashabbos Le’kadsho” in
    Shemos, Perek Chof, Posuk Zayin.

         There are a few differences in halacha based on these two

    Rishonim. We will discuss how the differences affect havdala on Motzei
    Yom Tov. The Maggid Mishna in halacha yud tes says that the mitzvah of
    Kiddush on Yom Tov is only M’deRabbonon as the posuk of Zachor is said
    regarding Shabbos, not Yom Tov. This opinion is according to the
    Rambam. It stands to reason if Kiddush is M’deRabbonon then havdala on
    Motzei Yom tov will also be M’deRabbonon. The opposite opinion is held
    according to the Remah. He explains that since we learn havdala from
    this week’s parsha which has nothing to do with Shabbos, the havdala
    of Motzei Yom Tov will be min HaTorah.

          Another difference will be seen be regarding women and havdala.
    If we say the reason we make havdala is based on the posuk of zachor
    then we have the rule that whoever has the chiyuv of Shmiras Shabbos
    (not desecrating the Shabbos) will have the rule of Zachor and
    therefore be mechuyav min HaTorah. However, if we say the reason is
    based on the posuk of U’lehavdil in this week’s parsha, then women
    would be exempt as it is a mitzvas aseh shehazman grama.

           A final difference would be if one may do melacha right after
    Shabbos before havdala. Rashi in Shabbos says that havdala is just
    like escorting the king out of the city but really one can
    theoretically do melacha right after Shabbos as it is a tzibbur din to
    escort the king. However, according to the Remah that says that it is
    based on the posuk U’lehavdil, then each individual has a chiyuv of
    separating the holy from the mundane so it would be forbidden for any
    individual to do melacha before havdala.