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    Is one allowed to
    have dairy meals
    on Yom Tov?
    When the Beis
    Hamikdash stood, the
    mitzvah of Simchas
    Yom Tov (Rejoicing on Yom Tov) was
    fulfilled by partaking of the Korban
    Shelamim. However, when there is no
    Beis Hamikdash, the mitzvah of Simchas
    Yom Tov is expressed in alternative
    forms. (See Pesachim 109a.)

    The Rambam (Hil. Yom Tov 6:18) states
    that – in addition to eating the Korban
    Shelamim – the mitzvah of Simchas Yom
    Tov is fulfilled by men partaking of meat
    and wine, women wearing fine clothing
    and jewelry, and children partaking
    of treats. The Tur (OC 529) quotes the
    Rambam’s requirement to eat meat,
    but the Beis Yosef and Shulchan Aruch
    (OC 529:2) have difficulty with the
    Rambam’s ruling and opine that there is
    no mitzvah to eat meat on Yom Tov in
    the absence of the Beis Hamikdash, for
    the Gemara (Pesachim 109A) states that
    once the Beis Hamikdash was destroyed,
    simcha is only with wine. The Beis
    Yosef explains that since eating meat
    for Simchas Yom Tov is only mandated
    when one brings and consumes a Korban
    Shelamim, and that in the absence of
    the Beis Hamikdash, the mitzvah of
    eating meat thus should not pertain.
    The Bach (ibid. d.h. Kasav HaRambam)
    and others disagree and maintain that
    one should eat meat, even though it is
    not from a Korban Shelamim, as there
    is nonetheless a secondary concept of
    simcha that is obtained by eating meat,
    notwithstanding that it is not from a
    Korban and that the simcha obtained by
    eating meat is not the primary Simchas
    Yom Tov in the absence of a Korban
    The Mishnah Berurah concurs with the
    Bach and advises to eat meat on Yom Tov.
    (See Biur Halacha ibid. d.h. Keitzad.)
    The Bach and Mishnah Berurah hold
    that although one technically fulfills

    the mitzvah of Simchas Yom Tov
    even without eating meat, there is an
    enhancement of the mitzvah when meat
    is consumed.
    When applied to Shavuos, one who
    follows the Bach and Mishnah Berurah
    should ideally eat a meat meal rather than
    a dairy meal on Yom Tov day, despite the
    fact that he technically fulfills the mitvzah
    of Simchas Yom Tov with a dairy seudah.
    One who goes according to Beis Yosef
    and Shulchan Aruch would be advised
    to eat whatever type of meal he most
    prefers. According to the Beis Yosef and
    Shulchan Aruch, one can lechatchilah
    eat poultry as his main course, whereas
    the Bach and Mishnah Berurah seem to
    hold that beef is preferred, as they note
    the idea of simcha being identified with
    basar, meaning “meat” proper.
    (There is an alternative interpretation
    of the Rambam, as submitted by some
    Torah authorities, including Rav
    Chaim Brisker zt”l, who explain that
    the Rambam mandates two levels of
    Simchas Yom Tov: an objective one,
    consisting of eating Korban Shelamim,
    as well as a subjective level, such that all
    people should experience the simcha of
    the festival as they personally prefer. This
    is why the Rambam writes that women
    should fulfill the mitzvah of Simchas
    Yom Tov by wearing fine clothing and
    jewelry, and that children should partake
    of treats – as this level of the mitzvah
    of Simchas Yom Tov is subjective
    according to the individual, and there is
    no one uniform rule for all people. This
    approach maintains that eating meat
    is merely an illustration of that which
    generally engenders simcha, but that
    there no mitzvah to partake of meat per
    se according to the Rambam. Hence,
    the mitzvah of Simchas Yom Tov can
    be fulfilled by engaging in any act that
    brings one to simcha, according to this
    interpretation of the Rambam, although
    one must of course fulfill the mitzvah
    of Seudas Yom Tov, irrespective of the
    choice of foods he decides to serve.)

    Is one allowed to eat meat
    after milk?

    What is the
    halacha if one
    makes Kiddush
    and eats dairy
    foods, planning
    to later eat a
    meat Seudas
    Yom Tov? What
    if one partakes

    of a dairy Yom Tov seudah at midday
    and plans to eat a meat seudah shlishis
    later? How does one transition from
    milk to meat?
    The Gemara in Chullin (105a) quotes
    Rav Chisda, who states that one need

    not wait at all after eating cheese be-
    fore consuming meat. However, if

    one consumes cheese and then plans
    to eat meat (as opposed to poultry),
    one must ascertain that his hands are
    clean, and he must cleanse and rinse his
    mouth. The Gemara’s discussion there
    elaborates on what constitutes proper

    kinuach (cleaning of the mouth) and ha-
    dachah (rinsing of the mouth). The Shul-
    chan Aruch (Yoreh Deah 89:2) invokes

    the Gemara’s discourse on this topic.
    One must cleanse his mouth (kinuach)

    and rinse it (hadachah); kinuach [4] in-
    volves chewing bread, thereby cleansing

    the mouth very well. One may perform
    kinuach with anything that he desires,
    except for flour, dates and vegetables,
    since they adhere to the gums and do not
    cleanse well. And then one must rinse his
    mouth with water or wine. This is only
    for basar behemah or chayah, but for
    poultry, there is no need for any cleaning
    or washing of hands.

    The above procedures appear pretty sim-
    ple. However, the commentaries of the

    Shulchan Aruch add a few noteworthy

    The Shach (s.k.9) quotes the Rif ’s po-
    sition that one should always wash his

    hands after eating cheese before partak-
    ing of meat and not rely on visual inspec-
    tion of the hands, as one cannot really

    tell if his hands are truly free of residue
    by merely looking at them; the Shach
    further quotes the Iturei Zahav, who
    states that this is the common custom.
    In practice, one should conduct himself
    according to this position and always be
    sure to wash his hands after eating dairy
    foods before consuming meat.
    The Be’er Hetev (s.k.5) notes that the
    Pri Chodosh maintains that one need
    not wash his hands before meat if he
    ate cheese with a fork; it appears that

    the Be’er Hetev rules this way as a mat-
    ter of practical halachah. The Aruch

    HaShulchan (89:8) concurs with the Pri
    Chodosh in this matter, and this is the
    accepted halachah.
    Although the Shulchan Aruch rules that
    one must first perform kinuach and then
    do hadachah, the Shach (s.k.13) and

    Be’er Hetev (s.k.7) contend that the or-
    der does not matter. The Shach invokes

    the position of the Beis Yosef (Tur 89:11)

    that one may perform kinuach and had-
    achah in whichever order he prefers. The

    halachah is according to the Shach on
    this point, and one may perform kinuach
    and hadachah in the order of preference
    or convenience.
    Once one has finished eating dairy food

    and has performed kinuach and had-
    achah and has cleansed his hands, may

    he eat meat right away? The Gemara does
    not stipulate any waiting period. In fact,
    the Shulchan Aruch (YD 89:2) notes

    that one may eat meat miyad – imme-
    diately – and the Rif, Rambam and Tur

    also do not record any requirement for
    a waiting period. However, the Zohar in
    Parshas Mishpatim (155a) indicates that
    one must recite the bracha acharonah
    after a dairy meal and then wait before
    being permitted to consume meat. Many
    conduct themselves as such and wait half

    an hour or an hour in light of the Zo-
    har’s position, although the bottom-line

    halachah is not to require any such wait-
    ing period.

    The above pertains only to one who ate a
    dairy meal and then wishes to eat ”meat”
    in the true sense of the word, such as
    beef, veal or venison. Poultry requires no

    washing of hands nor cleansing and rins-
    ing of the mouth when eaten after dairy

    foods.Seudas Yom Tov, irrespective of
    the choice of foods he decides to serve.)

    Must one wait six hours to eat
    meat (for those who wait six
    hours after meat to eat dairy)
    after eating aged cheese?
    One must wait six hours to eat meat after
    eating cheese that is aged for six months
    or longer. The following are a few of
    the more popular aged cheeses that are
    aged for six months: Dry Monterey Jack,
    Cheddar (Medium, Sharp and Aged),
    Marble Cheese, Parmesan, and Picante